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Does fennel extract ameliorate oxidative stress frozen-thawed ram sperm?

Najafi, Abouzar, Daghigh Kia, Hossein, Mehdipour, Mahdieh, Shamsollahi, Mohammad, Miller, David J.
Cryobiology 2019 v.87 pp. 47-51
Foeniculum vulgare, apoptosis, cryopreservation, fennel, freeze-thaw cycles, lecithins, lipid peroxidation, mitochondria, oxidative stress, plasma membrane, rams, semen quality, soybeans, sperm motility, spermatozoa, viability
The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of ram semen after cryopreservation with different levels of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) extract (0 (F0), 5 (F5), 10 (F10) and 15 (F15) mg/L) and sperm concentrations (200 (C200) and 400 (C400) × 106 sperm/mL) in a soy lecithin (SL)-based extender. Twenty ejaculates were collected from four ghezel rams and diluted with eight sperm concentrations/fennel combinations: F0C200, F5C200, F10C200, F15C200, F0C400, F5C400, F10C400 and F15C400. Sperm motility, abnormality, plasma membrane, viability, mitochondrial activity, lipid peroxidation (LPO), mitochondrial activity and apoptotic changes were evaluated after freeze-thawing process. It was observed that F10C400 significantly improved total and progressive motility, VSL, membrane integrity of post-thawed ram sperm. MDA level was lower in F5C200 and F10C400 compared to other treatments. The higher percentage of live sperm and the lower percentage of apoptotic sperm were obtained in F10C200 compared to F0C200, F5C200 F15C400, F0C400, F5C400 and F15C400. Extender F10C200 resulted in the highest mitochondria activity compared to the rest of the extenders except F10C400. We conclude that a combination of 10 mg/mL fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) extract and sperm concentration of 200 × 106 sperm/mL can improve the ram semen quality cryopreserved in a soybean lecithin based extender.