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Cordycepin (3′-deoxyadenosine) and pentostatin (deoxycoformycin) against Trypanosoma cruzi

Author:
do Carmo, Guilherme M., de Sá, Mariângela F., Grando, Thirssa H., Gressler, Lucas T., Baldissera, Matheus D., Monteiro, Silvia G., Henker, Luan C., Mendes, Ricardo E., Stefani, Lenita M., Da Silva, Aleksandro S.
Source:
Experimental parasitology 2019 v.199 pp. 47-51
ISSN:
0014-4894
Subject:
Trypanosoma cruzi, benznidazole, cordycepin, epimastigotes, lethal dose 50, mice, parasites, therapeutics, trypomastigotes
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the efficacy of cordycepin and pentostatin (alone or combined) against Trypanosoma cruzi, as well as the therapeutic efficiency of protocols of cordycepin and pentostatin combinations in mice experimentally infected with T. cruzi. In vitro, the cordycepin (3′-deoxyadenosine) and pentostatin (deoxycoformycin) exerted potent trypanocidal effect against T. cruzi (Colombian strain), similarly to benznidazole, which is the reference drug. For epimastigotes, the lethal dose of cordycepin capable of killing 50% (LD50) and 20% (LD20) of the parasites was 0.072 and 0.031 mg/mL, respectively and for trypomastigotes was 0.047 and 0.015 mg/mL, respectively. The combined use of cordycepin and pentostatin resulted in a LD50 and LD20 for epimastigotes of 0.068 and 0.027 mg/mL, respectively, as well as 0.056 and 0.018 mg/mL for trypomastigotes, respectively. In vivo, the combined use of cordycepin and pentostatin did not show the expected curative effect, however it was able to control the parasitema in the peak period. In summary, the combination of cordycepin and pentostatin showed no curative effect in mice infected by T. cruzi, despite the in vitro reduction of epimastigotes and trypomastigotes.
Agid:
6332667