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Arsenic exposure of child populations in Northern Argentina

Calatayud, Marta, Farias, Silvia Sara, de Paredes, Gladys Soria, Olivera, Mónica, Carreras, Natalia Ávila, Giménez, Maria Cecilia, Devesa, Vicenta, Vélez, Dinoraz
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.669 pp. 1-6
DNA damage, adverse effects, arsenic, biomarkers, cacodylic acid, children, chronic exposure, creatinine, drinking water, metabolites, normal values, urine, Argentina
Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (As) is associated with numerous adverse effects. Argentina is one of the countries affected by arsenicism; however, there are few studies that evaluate inorganic As exposure and its effects on child population. The aim of this study is to evaluate exposure to As through water and food in child populations living in the provinces of Santiago del Estero and Chaco (n = 101), and to determine the impact of this exposure analysing biomarkers of exposure (urine and hair As contents) and effect [8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)]. The populations selected live in three areas with different levels of As in the drinking water (Santa Teresa de Carballo, 0.925 mg/L; Taco Pozo, 0.210 mg/L; Jumi Pozo, 0.016 mg/L). The As intakes through water and food are especially high in the areas with the greatest As exposure (Santa Teresa de Carballo, 1575 ± 8 μg/day; Taco Pozo, 386 ± 8 μg/day; Jumi Pozo, 39 ± 1 μg/day).The total As contents in most of the samples of hair (0.11–13.11 mg/kg) and urine (31–4258 μg/g creatinine) are higher than the reference values (hair: 1 mg/kg; urine: 50 μg/g creatinine). The increase in the level of As exposure alters the profile of metabolites in urine, with a decrease of dimethylarsinic acid (10%) and an increase in the percentages of monomethylarsonic acid (4%) and inorganic As (6%). The results also show high values of 8-OHdG (3.7–37.8 μg/g creatinine), a oxidative DNA damage marker, in the two areas with greater As exposure.