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Regulation of FOXP3 expression in myeloid cells in response to all-trans-retinoic acid, interleukin 2 and transforming growth factor β

Ilnicka, Aleksandra, Gocek, Elżbieta, Łopatecka, Justyna, Marcinkowska, Ewa
Developmental and comparative immunology 2019 v.96 pp. 18-26
T-lymphocytes, cell differentiation, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, interleukin-2, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, retinoic acid, signal transduction, thymus gland, transcription factors, transforming growth factor beta
FoxP3 is a transcription factor essential for differentiation and function of T regulatory cells (Tregs). There are two major subsets of Tregs: natural Tregs (nTregs) generated in thymus and inducible Tregs (iTregs) produced in peripheral immune system. It has been documented that iTreg development is dependent on soluble mediators including interleukin 2 (IL2), transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) and all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). In our experiments we performed a gene expression array, followed by Real-time PCR experiments to study expression of genes regulated by ATRA in cells of myeloid origin. Our experiments revealed that ATRA alone, but also a cocktail of mediators consisting of IL2, TGFβ and ATRA, upregulate expression of FOXP3 gene in normal and leukemic myeloid cells. Our results indicate that signaling pathways which are used at the late steps of T cell differentiation, are also active in the cells of myeloid lineage.