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Effect of ripening on in vitro digestibility and structural characteristics of plantain (Musa ABB) starch

Bi, Yu, Zhang, Yayuan, Gu, Zhengbiao, Cheng, Li, Li, Zhaofeng, Li, Caiming, Hong, Yan
Food hydrocolloids 2019 v.93 pp. 235-241
Musa, X-ray diffraction, amylopectin, amylose, crystal structure, hydrocolloids, in vitro digestibility, ripening, starch granules, wide-angle X-ray scattering
This study focused on the effect of ripening on in vitro digestibility and the multi-scale structural characteristics of plantain starch. It was shown that the RS content of plantain starch gradually decreased during ripening process, while RDS and SDS contents increased. Scanning electron micrographs showed the layer-by-layer degradation of the surfaces of starch granules. The transformation from CB-type to CA-type crystalline structure of starch was revealed by wide angle X-ray diffraction patterns. Relative crystallinity, IR ratio 1045/1022 and the apparent amylose content all decreased with increasing maturity. Meanwhile, branched chain length distributions of amylopectin indicated that the content of short chain increased and that of long chain decreased, leading to the changes of digestion performance. In addition, the serious damage to amorphous region in semi-crystalline lamellae and amorphous growth ring was caused. All above factors contributed to the decrease of plantain starch resistance to digestion with increasing maturity. This work provides a fundamental understanding of the changes that plantain starch undergoes during ripening.