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Influences of operating parameters on liquefaction performances of Tetra Pak in sub-/supercritical water

Wang, Yuzhen, Zhu, Yitong, Liu, Zhuan, Su, Jian, Fang, Changqing, Xu, Donghai, Song, Wenhan, Wang, Shuzhong
Journal of environmental management 2019 v.237 pp. 545-551
biofuels, energy recovery, liquefaction, moieties, temperature, wastes
Liquefaction performances of waste Tetra Pak in sub-/supercritical water were evaluated in micro-batch reactors. The influences of temperature (300–420 °C), pressure (16–24 MPa), residence time (5–60 min) and feed concentration (5–40 wt%) on bio-oil yield, high heating value (HHV), and functional groups in bio-oil were investigated. The results showed that bio-oil yield firstly increased with increasing temperature and then decreased when the temperature exceeded 360 °C. Reaction time longer than 30 min gave a negative effect on bio-oil yield. The influence of pressure on bio-oil yield increased markedly from 16 MPa to 22 MPa, and then stabilized. The feed concentration higher than 20 wt% showed little influence on bio-oil yield. Maximum bio-oil yield of 35.55% was found at 360 °C, 22 MPa, 30 min and feed concentration of 20 wt%. HHV and energy recovery efficiency increased significantly with temperature, and maximum HHV of 48.747 MJ/kg and energy recovery efficiency of 46.49% were found at 420 °C, 20 MPa, 30 min and feed concentration of 20 wt%. The main compounds in bio-oil and morphology of the solid residue were also analyzed, and the possible liquefaction pathways of Tetra Pak were proposed.