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Raman spectroscopy: A new strategy for monitoring the quality of green coffee beans during storage

Abreu, Giselle Figueiredo, Borém, Flávio Meira, Oliveira, Luiz Fernando Cappa, Almeida, Mariana Ramos, Alves, Ana Paula Carvalho
Food chemistry 2019 v.287 pp. 241-248
Raman spectroscopy, beverages, coffee beans, green beans, monitoring, packaging, packaging materials, paper, principal component analysis, quality control, sensory evaluation, sensory properties
Raman spectroscopy was used to identify chemical changes associated sensory quality of coffee beans, for natural and pulped natural coffee stored in different packaging. The green beans of natural coffee and pulped natural coffee were stored in three types of packaging materials in a commercial warehouse. Sensory analyses were performed, and Raman spectra were collected after 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 storage months. Raman spectra were used to construct multivariate control charts. The charts, which were constructed using principal component analysis, can only be used to identify chemical changes in the green beans from pulped natural coffee stored in different packaging materials. Raman spectroscopy is more sensitive than sensory analysis for detecting chemical changes in stored pulped natural coffee. The measured changes ultimately affect the quality of the beverage because samples stored for six months in paper packaging were determined to no longer meet the quality control requirements.