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Fermentation-based biotransformation of glucosinolates, phenolics and sugars in retorted broccoli puree by lactic acid bacteria

Ye, Jian-Hui, Huang, Long-Yue, Terefe, Netsanet Shiferaw, Augustin, Mary Ann
Food chemistry 2019 v.286 pp. 616-623
autoclaving, biotransformation, broccoli, chemical composition, fermentation, functional foods, glucoiberin, glucoraphanin, lactic acid bacteria, polyphenols, progoitrin, sugars
This study investigated the effect of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermentation on the chemical profile of autoclaved broccoli puree, using 7 broccoli-derived LAB isolates (named F1-F5, BF1 and BF2). The total concentrations of glucosinolates (glucoiberin, progoitrin and glucoraphanin) and 10 major phenolics significantly increased from trace level and 289 μg total phenolics/g dry weight (DW) respectively in autoclaved broccoli to 55 to ∼359 μg/g DW and 903 to ∼3105 μg/g DW respectively in LAB fermented broccoli puree. Differential impacts of LAB isolates on the chemical composition of autoclaved broccoli were observed, with the major differences being the significant increase in phloretic acid after fermentation by F1-F5 and an elevated glucoraphanin level in ferments by F1 and BF2. LAB fermentation is a promising way to increase the content of glucosinolates and polyphenolic compounds in broccoli, making the ferments attractive for use as functional ingredients or as a whole functional food.