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Sustainable use of tainted boar meat: Blending is a strategy for processed products

Author:
Mörlein, Johanna, Meier-Dinkel, Lisa, Gertheiss, Jan, Schnäckel, Wolfram, Mörlein, Daniel
Source:
Meat science 2019 v.152 pp. 65-72
ISSN:
0309-1740
Subject:
backfat, boars, consumer acceptance, food industry, hot dogs, meat, mixing, models, raw materials, skatole, smoke, spices
Abstract:
While forming mixtures is a widely used approach for other raw materials in food industry, it has not yet been systematically analyzed for boar tainted meat. That is why we simultaneously studied four factors relevant for the production of emulsion-type sausages: percentage boar meat (skatole concentrations up to 0.3 μg/g, androstenone up to 3.8 μg/g in melted backfat), duration of traditional smoke and concentration levels of two spices. 16 variants of Frankfurters were produced in two independent studies and evaluated by in total 211 consumers. A linear mixed effects model revealed that increased levels of boar tainted meat significantly reduced consumer acceptance which could not be compensated by increased smoke or spice levels. We propose a non-inferiority test to identify the mixture which is similarly accepted as the reference made without boar tainted meat. Up to 33% tainted boar meat is proposed, assuming a liking drop of 0.5 on a 9 point liking scale as benchmark for an inferior product.
Agid:
6334325