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Comparative application of two erosion models to a basin
- HRISSANTHOU, V.
- Hydrological sciences journal 2002 v.47 no.2 pp. 279-292
- Toxotes, basins, dams (hydrology), droplets, mathematical models, momentum, overland flow, rain, runoff, sediment transport, sediment yield, soil erosion models, streams, watersheds, Greece
- Two mathematical models were used to estimate the annual sediment yield resulting from rainfall and runoff at the outlet of the Nestos River basin (Toxotes, Thrace, Greece). The models were applied to that part of the Nestos River basin (838 km2) which lies downstream of three dams. Both models consist of three submodels: a simplified rainfall-runoff submodel, a physically-based surface erosion submodel and a sediment transport submodel for streams. The two models differ only in the surface erosion submodel: that of the first model is based on the relationships of Poesen (1985) for splash detachment and splash transport, while the corresponding submodel of the second model is based on the relationships of Schmidt (1992) for the momentum flux exerted by the droplets and the momentum flux exerted by the overland flow. The degree of conformity between the annual values of sediment yield at the basin outlet according to both models is satisfactory.