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Characterization of the cellular effects of myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants on H9c2 cardiac myoblasts
- Reyes, Leila, Hawkins, Clare L., Rayner, Benjamin S.
- Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2019 v.665 pp. 132-142
- calcium, cardiomyocytes, cell death, cell lines, cell viability, dose response, glutathione, ischemia, leukocytes, mitochondria, models, myeloperoxidase, myoblasts, oxidants, oxidative stress, pathogenesis, signal transduction, thiols
- Oxidative stress is a major hallmark of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, which is in part due to the release of the enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) from activated infiltrating leukocytes, and the subsequent production of the oxidants hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN). Although exposure of various cell types to either oxidant is known to cause cellular dysfunction within a variety of pathological settings, the precise role of HOCl and HOSCN in the initiation of tissue damage evident following cardiac I/R injury remains unclear. In this study, we have employed the use of the cardiac myoblast cell line H9c2 as a model for cardiac myocytes and demonstrate that exposure to either oxidant elicits a dose-dependent increase in cytosolic calcium accumulation, depletion of the cellular thiol pool, reduction of glutathione (GSH) levels and loss of mitochondrial inner trans-membrane potential, concomitant with increased necrotic cell death. H9c2 cell recovery from the initial oxidant exposure involves the initiation of cell survival signalling pathways centred around Nrf2-antioxidant response element (ARE) and activator protein 1 (AP-1) activation, with cell survival accompanied by restoration of mitochondrial function following exposure to HOSCN, but not HOCl. These data highlight the cellular responses elicited by HOCl and HOSCN in cardiac myocytes furthering our understanding of the pathogenesis of oxidant injury following cardiac I/R injury.