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Three dimensional thermal conduction of randomly packed beds of porous cylindrical ceria pellets immersed in carbon dioxide with effects of deviations of pellet porosities and sizes

Su, Yan
Powder technology 2019 v.349 pp. 21-39
carbon dioxide, ceric oxide, pellets, porosity, powders, temperature, thermal conductivity
Structures of randomly packed beds of cylindrical shape porous pellets composed of tiny ceria (CeO2) particles with wide ranges of pellet porosities and number density probabilities are generated by an improved controllable structure generation scheme (CSGS) including deviations of both pellet porosities and sizes. Three dimensional (3D) mesoscopic scale thermal conduction through the structures immersed in carbon dioxide (CO2) gas is simulated by a parallel non-dimensional lattice Boltzmann method (P-NDLBM). Effective thermal conductivity (ETC) in each direction and 3D temperature distributions with effects of pellet number density probabilities, porosities, and deviations are illustrated. Although the pellet number density probability and pellet porosity are equivalently important for changing of macroscopic global porosity, they have different effects on temperature distribution patterns and the overall ETC. A new form of ETC correlation related to the pellet number density probability and pellet porosity is proposed. The present ETC correlation based on the two pellet parameters shows a slight improvement comparing to conventional forms based on the macroscopic global porosity.