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Bioreduction of selenate in an anaerobic biotrickling filter using methanol as electron donor
- Eregowda, Tejaswini, Rene, Eldon R., Lens, Piet N.L.
- Chemosphere 2019 v.225 pp. 406-413
- acetates, biofilters, gases, liquids, methanol, selenates, volatile fatty acids
- The anaerobic bioreduction of selenate, fed in step (up to 60 mg.L−1) or continuous (∼7 mg.L−1) trickling mode, in the presence of gas-phase methanol (4.3–50 g m−3.h−1) was evaluated in a biotrickling filter (BTF). During the 48 d of step-feed and 41 d of continuous-feed operations, average selenate removal efficiencies (RE) > 90% and ∼68% was achieved, corresponding to a selenate reduction rate of, respectively, 7.3 and 4.5 mg.L−1.d−1. During the entire period of BTF operation, 65.6% of the total Se fed as SeO42− was recovered. Concerning gas-phase methanol, the maximum elimination capacity (ECmax) was 46.4 g m−3.h−1, with a RE > 80%. Methanol was mainly utilized for acetogenesis and converted to volatile fatty acids (VFA) in the liquid-phase. Up to 5000 mg.L−1 of methanol and 800 mg.L−1 of acetate accumulated in the trickling liquid of the BTF.