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Remote induction of cellular immune response in mice by anti-meningococcal nanocochleates - nanoproteoliposomes
- Tamargo Santos, Beatriz, Fleitas Pérez, Catherine, Infante Bourzac, Juan F., Márquez Nápoles, Yanet, Ramírez González, Wendy, Bourg, Virgilio, Torralba, Damaris, Pérez, Viviana, Mouriño, Antonio, Ayala, Juan, Labrada Rosado, Alexis, Aleya, Lotfi, Bungau, Simona, Sierra González, V. Gustavo
- The Science of the total environment 2019 v.668 pp. 1055-1063
- Neisseria meningitidis, adjuvants, aluminum hydroxide, animal models, antigens, cell-mediated immunity, gels, granuloma, histology, hypersensitivity, immune response, immunization, immunogenicity, inflammation, mice, toxicity, vaccines
- New adjuvant formulations, based on proteoliposomes <40 nm and cochleates <100 nm, without Al(OH)3 adjuvant, were evaluated regarding their ability to generate Th1 immune response through a Delayed -Type Hypersensitivity Test, at the mouse model, by using a Neisseria meningitidis B protein complex as antigen. The formulations were administered by intramuscular (IM) (2 inoculations - at baseline and after 14 days) and intranasal (IN) (3 inoculations at 7 days) immunization pathways. All IM immunized groups were able to induce similar response to these formulations as well as to VA-MENGOC-BC® vaccine - containing Al(OH)3 adjuvant (used as positive control of the trial). In all groups, the induced inflammation (IP) rate was statistically higher than in the negative control group (CN) (p < 0.05). Immunogenicity, measured by HSR and CD4+ lymphocyte increase was equivalent to the control vaccine and most important, granuloma reactogenicity at the site of injection was eliminated, fact demonstrated by histological study. All groups of animals immunized by IN route showed HSR reactions and statistically significant differences with respect to the CN group. However, IP values were lower, with statistical differences (p < 0.05) for the same adjuvant formulation IM administered, except the AIF2-nCh formulation that generated statistically similar induction (p > 0.05) by both immunization pathways, suggesting it to be the best candidate for the next IN trial. Proteoliposome and cochleate formulations tested were able to mount potent Th-1 immune response, equivalent to the original vaccine formulation, with the advantage of less reactogenicity in the site of the injection, caused by the toxicity of Al(OH)3 adjuvant gel.