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Substituting organic manure for compound fertilizer increases yield and decreases NH3 and N2O emissions in an intensive vegetable production systems
- Zhang, Jing, Zhuang, Minghao, Shan, Nan, Zhao, Qi, Li, Hu, Wang, Ligang
- The Science of the total environment 2019 v.670 pp. 1184-1189
- agroecosystems, ammonia, biochar, compound fertilizers, crop yield, greenhouse experimentation, greenhouse gas emissions, nitrogen, nitrogen cycle, nitrous oxide, pig manure, production technology, straw, swine, vegetable growing, vegetables, China
- Substituting organic manure for compound fertilizer may play an important role in regulating the nitrogen (N) cycle and consequently affecting crop yield in agroecosystems. However, how substituting different organic manures for compound fertilizer affects crop yield and ammonia (NH3) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions in the vegetable system during the life-cycle production (including storage and field application) remains poorly elucidated. Thus, we conducted a greenhouse experiment to investigate the effects of substituting organic manure species, i.e., stored swine manure fertilizer (SS), swine manure covered by straw (CS), stored swine fertilizer mixed with biochar (BS), and stored swine manure fertilizer with void expansion (OS) for compound fertilizer (FC) on rapeseed yield and NH3 and N2O emissions in a rapeseed-cropping system in China. The results showed that the total gaseous N losses (NH3 and N2O) were 1.6, 1.4 and 1.1 times higher in SS, CS and OS than FC, respectively. However, total gaseous N losses in BS was 0.9 times less than FC. Compared with FC, rapeseed yield and N uptake in SS and CS were decreased by 17.2–20.2% and 16.0%–28.1%, respectively, but which were increased by 7.3% and 54.1% in BS, respectively. In addition, OS decreased rapeseed yield by 17.2%, but increased N uptake by 8.5%. Therefore, the effects of substituting organic manure for compound fertilizer on rapeseed yield, N uptake, NH3 and N2O varied regarding different organic manure species. Adopting stored swine fertilizer mixed with biochar might be a sound management practice to reduce gaseous N losses and enhance N uptake and yield in intensive vegetable production systems.