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Prussian blue immobilized cellulosic filter for the removal of aqueous cesium

Kim, Hyowon, Wi, Hyobin, Kang, Sungwon, Yoon, Sunho, Bae, Sungjun, Hwang, Yuhoon
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.670 pp. 779-788
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, accidents, acrylic acid, adsorbents, adsorption, cellulose, cesium, half life, moieties, pH, radionuclides, streams, washing, water pollution
Cesium is a typical radioisotope that has a long half-life and is dangerous and can be emitted in the event of a nuclear accident. Prussian blue (PB), which is known to effectively adsorb cesium, is difficult to separate when it is dissolved in an aqueous system. In this study, PB was immobilized on a filter type support media, cellulose filter (CF), for use as a selective material for cesium adsorption. The commercially available CF was functionalized by the addition of acrylic acid (AA) (i.e., CF-AA) to enhance the PB immobilization, which increased both PB loading and binding strength. The AA functionalization changed the major functional groups from hydroxyl to carboxylic, as confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. As a result of the surface modification, the PB immobilization increased 1.5 times and reduced detachment of PB during washing. The prepared adsorbent, CF-AA-PB, was tested for its cesium adsorption capability. Cesium adsorption equilibrated within 3 h, and the maximum cesium adsorption capacity was 16.66 mg/g. The observed decrease in the solution pH during cesium adsorption inhibited the overall cesium uptake; however, this was minimized by buffering. The prepared CF-AA-PB was used as a filter material and its potential use as a countermeasure for removing radioactive cesium from a contaminated water stream was demonstrated.