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Teleost contributions to the understanding of mycobacterial diseases
- Hodgkinson, Jordan W., Belosevic, Miodrag, Elks, Philip M., Barreda, Daniel R.
- Developmental and comparative immunology 2019 v.96 pp. 111-125
- Gram-positive bacteria, Mycobacterium, antibiotic resistance, fish, host-pathogen relationships, medicine, models, mycobacterial diseases, pathogens
- Few pathogens have shaped human medicine as the mycobacteria. From understanding biological phenomena driving disease spread, to mechanisms of host-pathogen interactions and antibiotic resistance, the Mycobacterium genus continues to challenge and offer insights into the basis of health and disease. Teleost fish models of mycobacterial infections have progressed significantly over the past three decades, now supplying a range of unique tools and new opportunities to define the strategies employed by these Gram-positive bacteria to overcome host defenses, as well as those host antimicrobial pathways that can be used to limit its growth and spread. Herein, we take a comparative perspective and provide an update on the contributions of teleost models to our understanding of mycobacterial diseases.