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Genetic analysis of clinical and vaccine strains of Bordetella pertussis by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE), Multi Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) and serotyping

Bahmanjeh, Anahita, Noofeli, Mojtaba, Khaki, Pejvak, Hassanzadeh, Seyed Mehdi
Comparative immunology, microbiology, and infectious diseases 2019 v.64 pp. 168-175
Bordetella pertussis, bacteria, blood serum, essential genes, genetic analysis, genetic variation, loci, multilocus sequence typing, pathogenicity, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, research institutions, seeds, vaccination, vaccines
In spite of high vaccination coverage in the Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI), pertussis has not been eradicated yet and the re-emergence of the disease is still reported worldwide. The genetic divergence study of circulating clinical strains of Bordetella pertussis among the population with high vaccination coverage is a useful tool to have an insight in the understanding of genetic patterns of this bacterium and deviation of them from vaccine strains. Different methods are accessible for studying of Bordetella pertussis that can perform appropriate assessment between populations. Strains used in this study were a collection of two pertussis vaccine strains used to create killed pertussis vaccine over years at Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, 10 clinical and 2 reference strains (ATCC9797 and Tohama I) in Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST), Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE), and serotyping. The genetic profiles of vaccine working and master seeds showed no important change(s) in frequencies of fingerprint types investigated in the vaccine strains and had homogeneity in PFGE method where the clinical isolates showed diversity in genetic profile. Serotyping method showed that all of 10 clinical strains expressing Fim 3. In MLST study, seven housekeeping genes including adk, pgm, fum C, tyr B, gly A, pep A and icd were analyzed which showed no changes in the sequence of clinical and vaccine strains with 100% homology. The genes that cause pathogenicity like ptxC, tcfA and fhaB were also evaluated and the results illustrated heterogeneity in the vaccine and circulating strains.