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Peach ethylene response factor PpeERF2 represses the expression of ABA biosynthesis and cell wall degradation genes during fruit ripening
- Wang, Xiaobei, Zeng, Wenfang, Ding, Yifeng, Wang, Yan, Niu, Liang, Yao, Jia-Long, Pan, Lei, Lu, Zhenhua, Cui, Guochao, Li, Guohuai, Wang, Zhiqiang
- Plant science 2019 v.283 pp. 116-126
- Agrobacterium, Prunus persica, abscisic acid, biosynthesis, cell walls, ethylene, fruits, genes, leaves, peaches, ripening, tissues, tobacco, yeasts
- Ethylene response factors (ERFs) are known to regulate fruit ripening. However, the ERF regulatory networks are not clear. In this study, we have shown that peach (Prunus persica) PpeERF2 regulates fruit ripening through suppressing the expression of two ABA biosynthesis genes (PpeNCED2, PpeNCED3) and a cell wall degradation gene (PpePG1). The transcript levels of PpeERF2 in fruit were opposite to that of PpeNCED2, PpeNCED3 and PpePG1 during ripening and in response to various ripening treatments. PpeERF2 was found to bind to the PpeNCED2, PpeNCED3 and PpePG1 promotors as demonstrated by yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) and EMSA assays; and further found to repress the promoter activities of the three genes in tobacco leaf tissues after Agrobacterium infiltration. Taken together, these results provide new information for a better understanding of the crosstalk network between ethylene signaling, cell wall degradation and ABA biosynthesis during fruit ripening.