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Adaptation strategies of forage soybeans cultivated on acidic soils under cool climate to produce high quality forage
- Nadeem, Muhammad, Pham, Thu Huong, Nieuwenhuis, Ashley, Ali, Waqas, Zaeem, Muhammad, Ashiq, Waqar, Gillani, Syed Shah Mohioudin, Manful, Charles, Adigun, Oludoyin Adeseun, Galagedara, Lakshman, Cheema, Mumtaz, Thomas, Raymond
- Plant science 2019 v.283 pp. 278-289
- Podzols, acid soils, biomass, climatic factors, ecosystems, farms, forage crops, forage production, genotype, glycolipids, nutritive value, phosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylethanolamines, phytosterols, roots, soil pH, soybeans
- Boreal soils tend to be podzols characterized by acidic pH, which can further limit forage crop growth and production. It is unclear, how forage soybeans adopt to produce forage with high nutritional quality when cultivated on podzols in boreal climate. To answer this question, we cultivated forage soybeans on agricultural podzols at 3 farm sites with varied soil pH (6.8, 6.0 or 5.1), and assessed the root membrane lipidome remodeling response to such climatic conditions. Contrary to our expectations, significantly lower biomass was observed at pH 6.8 compared to 6.0 and 5.1. However, surprisingly the plants produced similar forage quality at 6.8 and 5.1 pH. Three major lipid classes including phospholipids, glycolipids and phytosterols were observed in roots irrespective of soil pH. Phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidic acid (PA), and acylated glucosyl betasitosterol ester (AGlcSiE) accounted for 95% of the root lipidome, and expressed significant changes in response to cultivation across the three soil pH levels. These lipids were also observed to have strong correlations with forage production, and forage quality. Therefore, soybean genotypes with higher abilities to remodel PC, PE, PA, and AGlcSiE could be better suited for producing higher quality forage in acid podzolic soils characteristics of boreal ecosystems.