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Surgical management of chronic otitis secondary to craniomandibular osteopathy in three West Highland white terriers

Beever, L., Swinbourne, F., Priestnall, S. L., Ter Haar, G., Brockman, D. J.
Thejournal of small animal practice 2019 v.60 no.4 pp. 254-260
abscess, bone diseases, dogs, ears, histopathology, osteotomy, otitis media, signs and symptoms (animals and humans), terriers, ultrasonics
Three West Highland white terriers were presented for investigation of left‐sided para‐aural abscessation. CT revealed chronic otitis media with extensive osseous proliferation surrounding the horizontal and vertical ear canals contiguous with the expanded temporal bone, consistent with a unilateral variant of craniomandibular osteopathy. A left total ear canal ablation with lateral bulla osteotomy was performed in all dogs. An ultrasonic bone curette (Sonopet; Stryker) proved useful when removing the osseous proliferation in two dogs. Histopathological examination of the ear canals was consistent with craniomandibular osteopathy and the treatment led to resolution of the presenting clinical signs in all dogs. To our knowledge, this is the first report of craniomandibular osteopathy engulfing the external ear canal, presumably leading to chronic otitis media and para‐aural abscess formation. This is also the first reported use of an ultrasonic bone curette in canine otic surgery.