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Temperature‐mediated phylogenetic assemblage of fungal communities and local adaptation in mycorrhizal symbioses
- Zhang, Haibo, Cai, Yaru, Li, Xiaolin, Christie, Peter, Zhang, Junling, Gai, Jingping
- Environmental microbiology reports 2019 v.11 no.2 pp. 215-226
- allopatry, community structure, functional diversity, fungal communities, genetics, habitats, inoculum, mycorrhizae, mycorrhizal fungi, phylogeny, phytomass, roots, symbionts, sympatry, temperature
- Recent work demonstrates that habitat conditions exert striking effects on symbiont performance by mediating trade‐offs in plants, AM fungi and environmental interactions. However, how local temperature conditions influence the functional diversity of mycorrhizal symbioses and the genetics of coexisting AM fungi at the local scale remain unclear. In the present study, we conducted a reciprocal inoculation experiment to explore the performance of sympatric associations against allopatric associations under contrasting temperatures and the AM fungal community in colonized roots. No local adaptation of plant biomass was found under both temperature conditions investigated, but a consistent local versus foreign effect was found in AM fungal performance. The temperature and the origin of the inoculum relative to the plant origin were important in explaining symbiotic function. Correspondingly, the community structure and Nearest Relatedness Index of the AM fungal community of the root symbiont varied with inoculum source, and assemblages with more closely related taxa led to a decline in plant biomass and stronger disequilibrium among AM fungi in roots. Our findings suggest that functional divergence exists in naturally coexisting communities of AM fungi from contrasting climatic origins, and fungal relatedness is an important driver of plant growth.