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PvdRT‐OpmQ and MdtABC‐OpmB efflux systems are involved in pyoverdine secretion in Pseudomonas putida KT2440

Henríquez, Tania, Stein, Nicola Victoria, Jung, Heinrich
Environmental microbiology reports 2019 v.11 no.2 pp. 98-106
Pseudomonas putida, ampicillin, iron, mutants, phenotype, pyoverdines, secretion, soil bacteria
Fluorescent pseudomonads produce and secrete a siderophore termed pyoverdine to capture iron when it becomes scarce. The molecular basis of pyoverdine secretion is only partially understood. Here, we investigate the role of the putative PvdRT‐OpmQ and MdtABC‐OpmB efflux systems in pyoverdine secretion in the soil bacterium Pseudomonas putida KT2440. Expression from the respective promoters is stimulated by iron limitation albeit to varying degrees. Deletion of pvdRT‐opmQ leads to reduced amounts of pyoverdine in the medium and decreased growth under iron limitation. Deletion of mdtABC‐opmB does not affect growth. However, when both systems are deleted, strong effects on growth and pyoverdine secretion (yellow colony phenotype, less pyoverdine in medium, more pyoverdine in the periplasm) are observed. Overexpression of pvdRT‐opmQ causes the opposite effect. These results provide first evidence for an involvement of the multidrug efflux system MdtABC‐OpmB in pyoverdine secretion. In addition, the PvdRT‐OpmQ system was shown to contribute to pyoverdine secretion in P. putida KT2440, extending previous investigations on its role in Pseudomonas species. Since the double deletion mutant still secrets pyoverdine, at least one additional efflux system participates in the transport of the siderophore. Furthermore, our results suggest a contribution of both efflux systems to ampicillin resistance.