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Evaluation of Two Products Recently Introduced as Nitrification Inhibitors

Goos, R. Jay
Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2019 v.50 no.5 pp. 503-511
ammonium thiosulfate, dicyandiamide, liquid fertilizers, microencapsulation, nitrapyrin, nitrification, nitrification inhibitors, polymers, sandy soils, urea
This study compared the relative effectiveness of two products recently introduced as nitrification inhibitors with other materials used to inhibit nitrification. Four soils were treated with 0, 0.2, 1, 5, and 25 mg kg⁻¹ of nitrapyrin (NP), a new microencapsulated nitrapyrin product (ENP), dicyandiamide (DCD), a new maleic-itaconic polymer product (MIP), and ammonium thiosulfate (ATS). The soils were also treated with 200 mg N kg⁻¹ as urea, and percent inhibition of nitrification determined after 2 or 4 weeks of incubation. After 4 weeks, similar levels of nitrification inhibition were provided by 1 mg kg⁻¹ of NP (72%), 5 mg kg⁻¹ of ENP (79%), and 25 mg kg⁻¹ of DCD (73%), averaged across soil. After 4 weeks with a sandy soil, the highest rate of MIP and ATS provided 15 and 36% inhibition, respectively. MIP and ATS were ineffective at inhibiting nitrification when added to the other three soils. Abbreviations: ATS: ammonium thiosulfate; DCD: dicyandiamide; ENP: encapsulated nitrapyrin; MIP: maleic-itaconic polymer; NP: nitrapyrin; UAN: urea-ammonium nitrate liquid fertilizer