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Application of solar photo-Fenton for benzophenone-type UV filters removal

Henry Zúñiga-Benítez, Gustavo A. Peñuela
Journal of environmental management 2018 v.217 pp. 929-938
UV filters, aqueous solutions, benzophenones, biodegradability, byproducts, genotoxicity, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxylation, iron, lighting, organic carbon, photocatalysis, pollutants, remediation, reproductive toxicology, water treatment
Benzophenones (BPs) family is one of the most frequently used groups of UV-filters. However, it has been reported by different authors that this kind of chemical compounds could be associated with some endocrine disrupting activity, genotoxicity and reproductive toxicity. In addition, different studies have evidenced the presence of BPs in several environmental matrices, indicating that conventional technologies of water treatment are not able to remove them, which generates the necessity of evaluating new alternatives of remediation. In this way, the main objective of this paper was to consider the potential removal of the benzophenone-type compounds, Benzophenone-1 and Benzophenone-2 in aqueous solutions using photo-Fenton under simulated sunlight radiation. Effects of different operational parameters, including H2O2 and Fe2+ initial concentrations, on pollutants elimination were assessed, and conditions that allow to get higher degradation rates were established. In general, results indicated that evaluated photo-catalytic system is able to remove completely the studied benzophenones, and to increase the samples biodegradability after a notable reduction of the organic carbon present in the solutions. Additionally, the identification of some of the reaction byproducts showed that hydroxylation of the substrates molecules is one of the main stages that conduct to its elimination under the evaluated experimental conditions.