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The effect of bacterial and archaeal populations on anaerobic process fed with mozzarella cheese whey and buttermilk

Pagliano, Giorgia, Ventorino, Valeria, Panico, Antonio, Romano, Ida, Robertiello, Alessandro, Pirozzi, Francesco, Pepe, Olimpia
Journal of environmental management 2018 v.217 pp. 110-122
Methanobrevibacter, Methanoculleus, animal manures, biofuels, biorefining, buttermilk, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, hydrogen, methane, methane production, methanogens, mozzarella cheese, pellets, supply chain
Dairy wastes can be conveniently processed and valorized in a biorefinery value chain since they are abundant, zero-cost and all year round available. For a comprehensive knowledge of the microbial species involved in producing biofuels and valuable intermediates from dairy wastes, the changes in bacterial and archaeal population were evaluated when H2, CH4 and chemical intermediates were produced. Batch anaerobic tests were conducted with a mixture of mozzarella cheese whey and buttermilk as organic substrate, inoculated with 1% and 3% w/v industrial animal manure pellets. The archaeal methanogens concentration increased in the test inoculated at 3% (w/v) when H2 and CH4 production occurred, being 1 log higher than that achieved in the test inoculated at 1% (w/v). Many archaeal species, mostly involved in the production of CH4, were identified by sequencing denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) bands. Methanoculleus, Methanocorpusculum and Methanobrevibacter genera were dominant archaea involved in the anaerobic process for bioenergy production from mozzarella cheese whey and buttermilk mixture.