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Removal of chlorpyrifos and its hydrolytic metabolite 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol in constructed wetland mesocosms under soda saline-alkaline conditions: Effectiveness and influencing factors
- Yu, Xiangfei, Zhu, Hui, Yan, Baixing, Xu, Yingying, Bañuelos, Gary, Shutes, Brian, Wen, Huiyang, Cheng, Rui
- Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.373 pp. 67-74
- chlorpyrifos, constructed wetlands, decontamination, detection limit, drainage, hydrolysis, lakes, metabolites, nutrients, pH, rivers, slags, stormwater, subsurface flow
- Chlorpyrifos (CP) is frequently detected in agricultural effluent worldwide. Both CP and its hydrolytic metabolite 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP) can cause serious environment hazards, and require removal before discharged into rivers and/or lakes. The effectiveness and main influencing factors of CP and TCP removal in mesocosm-scale subsurface flow constructed wetlands (SSFCWs) were evaluated. Results indicated that CP in SSFCWs reduced to less than detection limit in 4 d and TCP to 2 μg L−1 in 8 d. Higher influent CP concentrations lengthened the degradation process for both CP and TCP. The presence of co-existing inorganic nutrients restrained the degradation of CP during the hydraulic retention time of 2 h to 2 d. A higher pH resulting from the deterioration of soda saline-alkaline level accelerated the degradation of CP through the hydrolysis process. The SSFCWs with slag operating for another 88 d (i.e., 11 trails with HRT of 8 d for each trial) revealed a better and more stable treatment performance compared with previous studies. The results of this study demonstrated the positive feasibility of using SSFCWs with slag for the decontamination of CP-associated agricultural drainage or stormwater runoff.