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A novel MPC-based adaptive energy management strategy in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

Jinquan, Guo, Hongwen, He, Jiankun, Peng, Nana, Zhou
Energy 2019 v.175 pp. 378-392
dynamic programming, energy, fuels, prediction, renewable energy sources, traffic, vehicles (equipment)
In this paper, an adaptive energy management strategy (AEMS) under model predictive control (MPC) framework is proposed. The main advantage of the AEMS is that it fully integrates the economy driving pro system (EDPS), which can provide the renewable energy consumption trajectory considering dynamic traffic information of target driving task, namely the state of charge (SOC) reference constraint for the MPC optimal calculation at each control step. Moreover, based on the dynamically updated traffic information, the SOC reference constraint will be re-planned with correction, which will further reflect the ideal energy consumption trend over the actual driving cycle. For the MPC prediction aspect, the deep neural network (DNN) is applied in this paper to predict the future short-term velocity with 5s, 10s and 15s horizon, respectively. Meanwhile, the dynamic programming (DP) is applied to calculate the optimal energy distribution at each MPC control step. Simulation results show that under the test driving cycle, the optimal MPC predictive horizon with the assistance of EDPS is 10s, and the fuel economy rate can improve up to 6.48% compared with energy management without the assistance of EDPS. Moreover, the HIL test indicates the AEMS has well real-time performance as well.