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Expression patterns of novel circular RNAs in chicken cells after avian leukosis virus subgroup J infection

Zhang, Yang, Wang, Laidi, Qiu, Lingling, Pan, Rui, Bai, Hao, Jiang, Yong, Wang, Zhixiu, Bi, Yulin, Chen, Guohong, Chang, Guobin
Gene 2019 v.701 pp. 72-81
Avian leukosis virus, B-lymphocytes, apoptosis, bioinformatics, biosynthesis, chick embryos, chickens, circular RNA, fibroblasts, gene expression regulation, genes, genomics, immune response, macrophages, mitogen-activated protein kinase, mucins, non-coding RNA, signal transduction, transcriptomics
Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) is an oncogenic retrovirus that causes severe economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs that has been described in various biological systems and pathogenic processes. However, the immune mechanisms in response to circRNAs remain unknown. In this study, high-throughput transcriptome sequencing was used to detect circRNAs present in chicken macrophage (HD11) and chick embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells infected with ALV-J. We identified 7684 circRNAs from diverse genomic locations in CEF and HD11 after ALV-J infection, these RNAs showed complex expression patterns that differed based on the cells type and infection time. In total, 302 differentially expressed (DE) circRNAs and 164 DE circRNAs were identified in CEF and HD11 after ALV-J infection, respectively. CircRNA7419—associated with KDM4C— and circRNA6679 and circRNA6680—associated with TNFAIP6— were involved in the immune response upon ALV-J infection in CEF. Host genes were analyzed through further bioinformatics analysis. The result confirmed that a large number of DE circRNAs corresponded to several immune-associated or tumor-associated terms and pathways, such as Mucin type O-Glycan biosynthesis, MAPK signaling pathway, B cell receptor signaling, and Wnt signaling pathway in CEF, as well as Jak-STAT signaling pathway, apoptosis, and MAPK signaling pathway in HD11. CircRNAs related to the B cell receptor signaling pathway in CEF, and the Jak-STAT signaling pathway in HD11, were selected for circRNA-miRNA interaction network analyses. Our study indicates that circRNAs expression was altered by ALV-J infection in both CEF and HD11, and may play a key role in the progression of ALV-J infection.