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Inhibition of calmodulin increases intracellular survival of Salmonella in chicken macrophage cells

Haiqi He, Ryan J. Arsenault, Kenneth J. Genovese, Christina L. Swaggerty, Casey Johnson, David J. Nisbet, Michael H. Kogut
Veterinary microbiology 2019 v.232 pp. 156-161
Salmonella, agonists, apoptosis, calcium, calmodulin, cell lines, chickens, gene expression, immune response, innate immunity, macrophages, nitric oxide, signal transduction
Calcium (Ca2+) is a pivotal intracellular second messenger and calmodulin (CaM) acts as a multifunctional Ca2+-binding protein that regulates downstream Ca2+ dependent signaling. Together they play an important role in regulating various cellular functions, including gene expression, maturation of phagolysosome, apoptosis, and immune response. Intracellular Ca2+ has been shown to play a critical role in Toll-like receptor-mediated immune response to microbial agonists in the HD11 chicken macrophage cell line. The role of that the Ca2+/CaM pathway plays in the intracellular survival of Salmonella in chicken macrophages has not been reported. In this study, kinome peptide array analysis indicated that the Ca2+/CaM pathway was significantly activated when chicken macrophage HD11 cells were infected with S. Enteritidis or S. Heidelberg. Further study demonstrated that treating cells with a pharmaceutical CaM inhibitor W-7, which disrupts the formation of Ca2+/CaM, significantly inhibited macrophages to produce nitric oxide and weaken the control of intracellular Salmonella replication. These results strongly indicate that CaM plays an important role in the innate immune response of chicken macrophages and that the Ca2+/CaM mediated signaling pathway is critically involved in the host cell response to Salmonella infection.