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Comprehensive analysis of the phylogeny and extracellular proteases in genus Vibrio strain

Liu, Dan, Wu, Cuiling, Wu, Ribang, Huang, Jiafeng, Liao, Binqiang, Lei, Ming, Zhang, Yanjiao, He, Hailun
Microbial pathogenesis 2019 v.131 pp. 1-8
Vibrio, aquatic ecosystems, bacteria, casein, gelatin, hydrolysis, interspecific variation, metalloproteinases, phylogeny, proteolysis, ribosomal DNA, ribosomal RNA, serine proteinases
As one of the dominant bacteria in the ocean, Vibrio play important roles in maintaining the aquatic ecosystem. In this study, we studied the phylogenetic relationships of 32 Vibrio based on the 16S rRNA genes sequences and utilized substrate immersing zymography method to detect the trend of protease production and components of multiprotease system of Vibrio extracellular proteases. The result showed that different extracellular proteolytic profiles among various Vibrio strains demonstrated a large interspecific variation, and for strains from the same environments, the closer the evolutionary relationship of them, the more similar their zymograms were. In addition, these proteases displayed very different hydrolysis abilities to casein and gelatin. Moreover, the results of the inhibitor-substrate immersing zymography indicated that the proteases secreted by marine Vibrio mostly belonged to serine proteases or metalloproteases. These results implied that combined taxonomic information of the Vibrios with their extracellular protease zymograms maybe contributed to the study of the classification, phylogeny and pathogenic mechanism of Vibrio, and can serve as a theoretical basis for controlling the pathogenic Vibrio disease as well as exploiting proteases. More importantly, we can also eliminate many similar strains by this way, thus can greatly reduce the workload of the experiments for us.