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Genome-wide identification, evolution and expression analysis of cyclic nucleotide-gated channels in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.)

Nawaz, Zarqa, Kakar, Kaleem U., Ullah, Raqeeb, Yu, Shizou, Zhang, Jie, Shu, Qing-Yao, Ren, Xue-liang
Genomics 2019 v.111 no.2 pp. 142-158
Cucumber mosaic virus, Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tabacum, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, Potato virus Y, biotic stress, cadmium, cold, cold stress, drought, genes, growth and development, microRNA, phosphorylation, phylogeny, plant tissues, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, regulatory sequences, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, temperature, tobacco
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) serve as the top leading commercial, non-food, and model crop worldwide. Cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (CNGCs) are ligand-gated, calcium-permeable, divalent, cation-selective channels, involved in important biological functions. Here, we systematically characterized thirty-five CNGC genes in the genome of Nicotiana tabacum, and classified into four phylogenetic groups. Evolutionary analysis showed that NtabCNGC family of N. tabacum originated from the parental genome of N. sylvestris and N. tomentosiformis, and further expanded via tandem and segmental duplication events. Tissue-specific expression analysis showed that twenty-three NtabCNGC genes are involved in the development of various tobacco tissues. Subsequent RT-qPCR analyses indicated that these genes are sensitive towards external abiotic and biotic stresses. Notable performances were exhibited by group-I and IV CNGC genes against black shank, Cucumber mosaic virus, Potato virus Y, cold, drought, and cadmium stresses. Our analyses also suggested that NtabCNGCs can be regulated by phosphorylation and miRNAs, and multiple light, temperature, and pathogen-responsive cis-acting regulatory elements present in promotors. These results will be useful for elaborating the biological roles of NtabCNGCs in tobacco growth and development.