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Use of plastic scrap in asphalt mixtures added by dry method as a partial substitute for bitumen
- Movilla-Quesada, D., Raposeiras, A.C., Silva-Klein, L.T., Lastra-González, P., Castro-Fresno, D.
- Waste management 2019 v.87 pp. 751-760
- air, bitumen, plastic deformation, poly(vinyl chloride), polyethylene terephthalates, recycling, tensile strength, wastes
- In recent decades, the generation of plastic waste has increased substantially worldwide, with the result that more of such waste is introduced into the environment. Currently, most polymers (polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, and others) are recycled. However, some are rejected for recycling in the primary separation processes due to their physical condition, contamination, or size. These materials are called plastic scrap.In this research, the use of plastic scrap added by dry method was evaluated as a replacement for bitumen in asphalt mixtures. Two sizes of plastic scrap, coarse and fine, were considered. An AC16S semi-dense mixture was designed for this purpose, with a 10% reduction in binder, and 10% and 20% of plastic scrap binder was added in coarse and fine sizes.The results obtained in the Marshall stability and flow test showed reduced moisture damage, greater indirect tensile strength, higher air void content, and a 2% decrease in the conserved tensile strength ratio while the same usage field as the conventional mixture was maintained. Meanwhile, significant decreases in plastic deformations, as compared to traditional values, were obtained from resilient modulus and rutting tests.