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Multi-site dynamic recording for Aβ oligomers-induced Alzheimer's disease in vitro based on neuronal network chip

Gao, Fan, Gao, Keqiang, He, Chuanjiang, Liu, Mengxue, Wan, Hao, Wang, Ping
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.133 pp. 183-191
Alzheimer disease, biosensors, cognitive disorders, electrical treatment, interneurons, models, neurodegenerative diseases, therapeutics
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic central neurodegenerative disease. The pathological features of AD are the extracellular deposition of senile plaques formed by amyloid-β oligomers (AβOs) and the intracellular accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles. However, due to the lack of effective method and experimental models to study the cognitive decline, communication at cell resolution and the implementation of interventions, the diagnosis and treatment on AD still progress slowly. In this paper, we established a pathological model of AD in vitro based on AβOs-induced hippocampal neuronal network chip for multi-site dynamic analysis of the neuronal electrical activity and network connection. The multiple characteristic parameters, including positive and negative spike intervals, firing rate and peak-to-peak values, were extracted through the analysis of spike signals, and two firing patterns from the interneurons and pyramidal neurons were recorded. The spatial firing patterns mapping and cross-correlation between channels were performed to validate the degeneration of neuronal network connectivity. Moreover, an electrical stimulation with frequency at 40 Hz was exerted to preliminarily explore the therapeutic effect on the pathological model of AD. This neuronal network chip enables the implementation of AD models in vitro for studying basic mechanisms of neurodegeneration within networks and for the parallel testing of various potential therapies. It can be a novel technique in the research of AD pathological model in vitro.