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An electrochemical biosensor based on Hairpin-DNA modified gold electrode for detection of DNA damage by a hybrid cancer drug intercalation

Lozano Untiveros, Katherine, da Silva, Emanuella Gomes, de Abreu, Fabiane Caxico, da Silva-Júnior, Edeildo Ferreira, de Araújo-Junior, João Xavier, Mendoça de Aquino, Thiago, Armas, Stephanie M., de Moura, Ricardo Olímpio, Mendonça-Junior, Francisco J.B., Serafim, Vanessa Lima, Chumbimuni-Torres, Karin
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.133 pp. 160-168
DNA damage, adenine, antineoplastic agents, biosensors, calves, complementary DNA, computer simulation, electrochemistry, electrodes, gold, guanine, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic bonding, oxidation, thymus gland, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
An efficient and new electrochemical biosensor for detection of DNA damage, induced by the interaction of the hybrid anti-cancer compound (7ESTAC01) with DNA, was studied by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The biosensor consists of a Stem-Loop DNA (SL-DNA) probe covalently attached to the gold electrode (GE) surface that hybridizes to a complementary DNA strand (cDNA) to form a double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). The interaction and DNA damage induced by 7ESTAC01 was electrochemically studied based on the oxidation signals of the electroactive nucleic acids on the surface of the GE by DPV. As a result, the SL-DNA/GE and dsDNA/GE were tested with the reduced 7ESTAC01, showing the voltammetric signal of guanine and adenine, increase in the presence of 7ESTAC01. Under optimum conditions, the dsDNA/GE biosensor exhibited excellent DPV response in the presence of 7ESTAC01. The bonding interaction between 7ESTAC01 and calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) was confirmed by UV–Vis absorption spectroscopy, dynamic simulations (performed to investigate the DNA structure under physiological conditions), and molecular docking. Theoretical results showed the presence of hydrogen bonding and intercalation in the minor groove of DNA, involving hydrophobic interactions.