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Limitations in converting waste gases to fuels and chemicals
- Emerson, David Frederic, Stephanopoulos, Gregory
- Current opinion in biotechnology 2019
- autotrophic bacteria, biodiesel, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide fixation, climate change, gases, greenhouse gases, metabolic engineering, remediation, secondary metabolites, wastes
- Carbon dioxide remediation is of vital importance in mitigating the impact of greenhouse gases on climate change. While various technologies have been presented in the literature, we argue that only by valorizing CO2 capture can such technologies reach widespread adoption in the current geo-political disposition. One such option is CO2 fixation by autotrophic bacteria into bio-diesel and commodity chemicals. While proof of concept technologies have been published in the literature, yet key limitations exist, including maximal yield of aerobic CO2 fixation, and growth rates, productivities, and titers of anaerobic CO2 fixation. Researchers are currently addressing these issues through metabolic engineering and the controlled supplementation of secondary metabolites.