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Sequential bioprocessing of Ulva rigida to produce lignocellulolytic enzymes and to improve its nutritional value as aquaculture feed

Fernandes, Helena, Salgado, José Manuel, Martins, Nicole, Peres, Helena, Oliva-Teles, Aires, Belo, Isabel
Bioresource technology 2019 v.281 pp. 277-285
Aspergillus, Ulva rigida, antioxidant activity, aquaculture feeds, aquaculture industry, beta-glucosidase, bioprocessing, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, enzymatic hydrolysis, glucans, lignocellulases, macroalgae, nutritive value, solid state fermentation, xylanases
The macroalgae aquaculture industry has grown up in the last years, and new applications for macroalgae should be considered. In this work, sequential biological treatments as solid-state fermentation (SSF) by Aspergillus ibericus and enzymatic hydrolysis (EH) were applied to washed and unwashed Ulva rigida. SSF of unwashed macroalgae showed higher xylanase (359.8 U/g), cellulase (73.07 U/g) and β-glucosidase (14.9 U/g) activities per dry mass of macroalgae. After SSF, two strategies to carry out EH were assayed. The best process was SSF followed by EH by simply adding a buffer. The non-starch polysaccharides content was reduced by 93.2%, achieving a glucan conversion of 98%. In addition, the antioxidant activity was improved 2.8-fold and the protein concentration of macroalgae extracts increased from 16.9% to 29.8% (w/w). These biological treatments allowed to increase macroalgae value as feedstuff with potential for use in aquafeeds.