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Optimisation of the production of fermentable monosaccharides from algal biomass grown in photobioreactors treating wastewater

Martín-Juárez, Judit, Vega-Alegre, Marisol, Riol-Pastor, Elena, Muñoz-Torre, Raúl, Bolado-Rodríguez, Silvia
Bioresource technology 2019 v.281 pp. 239-249
algae, biomass, enzymatic hydrolysis, hydrochloric acid, lipids, monosaccharides, municipal wastewater, photobioreactors, proteins, raw materials, solubilization, temperature, wastewater treatment
Biomass grown in wastewater treatment photobioreactors is a cheap raw material with high contents of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. This work studies the production of fermentable monosaccharides from three biomasses grown in piggery wastewater (P), domestic wastewater (W) and synthetic medium (S) by applying chemical pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis, using a Taguchi design.ANOVA identified temperature, chemical reagent type and chemical reagent concentration as significant operational parameters. However, the biomass concentration, pretreatment time, enzyme dosage and enzymatic hydrolysis time had no remarkable effect. The bacterial content of the biomass had no relevant impact on carbohydrate and protein solubilisation but had a remarkable effect on the degradation of the released carbohydrates (57, 60 and 37% for P, W and S), while also affecting lipid solubilisation. Pretreatment with HCl 2 M at 120 °C resulted the optimal conditions, achieving a monosaccharide recovery of 53, 59 and 80% for P, W and S biomasses, respectively.