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Assessment of multi-step processes for an integral use of the biomass of the marine microalga Amphidinium carterae

López-Rodríguez, M., Cerón-García, M.C., López-Rosales, L., González-López, C.V., Molina-Miras, A., Ramírez-González, A., Sánchez-Mirón, A., García-Camacho, F., Molina-Grima, E.
Bioresource technology 2019 v.282 pp. 370-377
Amphidinium, bioactive properties, biobased products, biomass, bioprocessing, carotenoids, fatty acid composition, microalgae, polyunsaturated fatty acids, secondary metabolites
Sustainable dinoflagellate microalgae-based bioprocess designed to produce secondary metabolites (SMs) with interesting bioactivities are attracting increasing attention. However, dinoflagellates also produce other valuable bioproducts (e.g polyunsaturated fatty acids, carotenoids, etc.) that could be recovered and should therefore be taken into account in the bioprocess. In this study, biomass of the marine dinoflagellate microalga Amphidinium carterae was used to assess and optimise three different methods in order to obtain three families of high-value biochemical compounds present in the biomass. The existing processes encompassed a multi-step extraction process for carotenoids, fatty acids and APDs individually and are optimized for the integral valorization of raw A. carterae biomass, with SMs being the primary target compounds. Total process recovery yields were 97% for carotenoids, 80% for total fatty acids and 100% for an extract rich in APDs (not purified).