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Tibet kefir milk decreases fat deposition by regulating the gut microbiota and gene expression of Lpl and Angptl4 in high fat diet-fed rats

Gao, Jie, Ding, Gangqiang, Li, Qi, Gong, Lingxiao, Huang, Jian, Sang, Yaxin
Food research international 2019 v.121 pp. 278-287
Bacteroidetes, Escherichia coli, Oscillospira, Verrucomicrobia, abdominal fat, blood serum, gene expression, gene expression regulation, high fat diet, humans, intestinal microorganisms, kefir, lipoprotein lipase, liver, milk, rats, sequence analysis, transcription (genetics), triacylglycerols, China
The role of Tibet kefir milk (TKM) feeding on fat deposition was investigated in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed human flora-associated (HFA) rats. TKM feeding reduced abdominal fat mass from 33.9 g to 24.0 g and serum triglyceride (TG) from 0.75 mmol/L to 0.47 mmol/L, and caused lipoprotein lipase (LPL) to decrease from 395.8 ± 36.0 ng/L to 362.3 ± 64.4 ng/L in fat and increase from 287.3 ± 40.8 ng/L to 329.8 ± 48.5 ng/L and 312.5 ± 22.0 to 375.1 ± 30.8 ng/L in liver and serum, respectively. Likewise, TMK feeding down-regulated Lpl gene expression in fat and Angptl4 (angiopoietin-like protein-4, also known as fasting-induced adipose factor) gene expression in liver, and up-regulated Angptl4 gene expression in fat. Sequence analysis showed that the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes proportion and Verrucomicrobia at the phylum level, Akkermansia, Escherichia and Oscillospira at the genus level, as well as Escherichia coli at the species level were positively regulated by TKM. The results indicated that TKM decreased abdominal fat deposition and serum TG by regulating Lpl and Angptl4 at the transcriptional level. The microbiota groups mentioned above were regulated by TKM at the same time and may be the potential intervention targets to reduce fat deposition.