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Epidemiological investigation of Clostridioides difficile colonization in Chinese community infants

Cui, Qing-qing, Yang, Jing, Niu, Ya-nan, Qiang, Cui-xin, Li, Zhi-rong, Xu, Kai-yue, Li, Ru-xin, Shi, Dong-yan, Wei, Hong-lian, Zhao, Xing-zhen, Wang, Xiao-ming, Sun, Su-ju, Zhao, Jian-hong
Anaerobe 2019 v.56 pp. 116-123
Chinese people, Clostridium difficile, antibiotic resistance, death, diarrhea, digestive system, epidemiological studies, humans, infants, polymerase chain reaction, ribotypes
Clostridioides difficile is a colonizer of the human gut; asymptomatic colonization has been reported to be more common in infants and is highly variable across regions even with no symptoms of diarrhea or death. Antibiotic treatment strategies might increase the antibiotic resistance of C. difficile. We performed a one-point study involving 1098 healthy infants (0–36 months) to address the deficiency of reports on C. difficile colonization in Chinese community infants. The C. difficile colonization rate was 22.8% (250/1098), and more than half of the strains (55.2%) were toxigenic isolates. Among the 138 toxigenic isolates, 111 were of the A+B+CDT– genotype, 26 strains were A–B+CDT–, and one strain was A+B+CDT+. Fifteen different PCR ribotypes were found among the 250 isolates, and PCR-ribotype HB03 appeared to be dominant type, accounting for 19.6% (49/250). High levels of resistance to antimicrobial agents were observed. Our study showed that age and hospitalization before stool collection were positively correlated with the C. difficile colonization rate, whereas the delivery term was negatively related to the colonization rate. Particular attention should be paid to the increasing resistance of C. difficile to rifamycin.