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Susceptibility and fitness cost of Aedes albopictus on their survivability after the exposure to the insecticide

Zuharah, Wan Fatma, Sumayyah, Aminoddin, Dieng, Hamady
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2019 v.22 no.2 pp. 553-560
Aedes albopictus, adults, disease transmission, fecundity, females, lethal dose, life history, longevity, malathion, males, mortality, mosquito-borne diseases, permethrin, sublethal effects, Malaysia
The present study was undertaken to investigate the lethal and sub-lethal effects of insecticides on the life history of Aedes albopictus mosquitoes from urban and sub-urban areas in Penang, Malaysia. The female mosquitoes aged two to five days old were exposed to; (1) diagnostic dose (lethal dose) at 5% malathion and 0.75% permethrin; and (2) sub-lethal concentration of 1.5% malathion, and 0.2% permethrin, respectively and adult female survivors from sub-lethal concentrations were evaluated for fitness parameters. Fecundity, fertility, adult longevity, development time and survival of mosquitoes were the crucial point in their life history had studied. Aedes albopictus species from urban Sg. Dua strain has developed high resistance towards 0.75% permethrin and was confirmed on resistance after 24 h of reading. While sub-urban Batu Maung strain is still susceptible to both 5% malathion and 0.75% permethrin. At the sub-lethal dose, we discovered 0.2% permethrin insecticide have significantly more effects on the fitness cost of Ae. albopictus as compared to 1.5% malathion; with decreasing on fecundity, lesser time was needed to reach each development stages, and more male adult was emerged compared to female mosquitoes for both urban and sub-urban strains. Whereas, malathion insecticide only affected the number of eggs laid by the parent mosquitoes and the development time to reach adult stages. Even though, Ae. albopictus mosquitoes had developed resistance towards permethrin resulted in decreasing mortality, but subsequent effects on their fitness cost still continued on the first generation. Thus, it will benefit in reducing the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases.