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Rediscovery and phylogenetic placement of Olpidiopsis gillii (de Wildeman) Friedmann, a holocarpic oomycete parasitoid of freshwater diatoms

Buaya, Anthony T., Ploch, Sebastian, Thines, Marco
Mycoscience 2019 v.60 no.3 pp. 141-146
Bacillariophyceae, Olpidiopsis, Rhodophyta, algae, freshwater, parasitism, parasitoids, phylogeny, protein subunits, ribosomal DNA, ribosomal proteins, rivers, uncertainty, zoospores, Germany
The genus Olpidiopsis of the Oomycota includes several species that are aquatic parasites and hyperparasites. Despite their widespread occurrence and potential ecological importance, only a handful of these species has been subjected to phylogenetic investigations, so far. Most species have not been observed and reported for several decades. In the current study, the freshwater diatom parasite Olpidiopsis gillii (de Wild.) Friedmann was rediscovered from the river Main in Germany and investigated for its phylogenetic placement using nuclear small ribosomal subunit (SSU) sequences. The absence of a zoospore diplanetism is a characteristic of the genus Olpidiopsis, which is in contrast to the diplanetism observed in species of Ectrogella. The phylogenetic reconstruction revealed that Olpidiopsis gillii is a basal lineage within the oomycetes, grouping together with the recently-described marine diatom parasite Olpidiopsis drebesii with high support, and loosely associated with Olpidiopsis species parasitising red algae. However, as there are no sequence data available for the type species of both Olpidiopsis and Ectrogella the taxonomic assignment of these simple holocarpic parasites of algae and diatoms remains fraught with uncertainty.