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Enhanced rheological properties and performance of viscoelastic surfactant fluids with embedded nanoparticles
- Philippova, Olga E., Molchanov, Vyacheslav S.
- Current opinion in colloid & interface science 2019 v.43 pp. 52-62
- crosslinking, electrolytes, ionic strength, micelles, mixing, nanoparticles, oils, pH, surfactants, temperature, viscoelasticity
- A combination of viscoelastic surfactants with nanoparticles gives a new class of functional self-assembled materials promising for a large variety of applications. Nanoparticles improve the rheological properties of these systems because of the incorporation into the network of entangled wormlike micelles by linking to micellar end-caps, thus leading to elongation or cross-linking of the micelles. The present article reviews recent studies of these hybrid systems. Mechanisms of the interaction of nanoparticles with wormlike surfactant micelles as well as factors favoring the enhancement of rheological properties of viscoelastic surfactants by added nanoparticles are discussed, providing ways for proper design of such systems in the future. It is shown that viscoelastic surfactants modified with nanoparticles display very attractive features for practical applications, in particular, for fracturing fluids in oil recovery.