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Antibiotic Resistomes in Plant Microbiomes
- Chen, Qing-Lin, Cui, Hui-Ling, Su, Jian-Qiang, Penuelas, Josep, Zhu, Yong-Guan
- Trends in plant science 2019 v.24 no.6 pp. 530-541
- abiotic stress, antibiotic resistance, antibiotic resistance genes, antibiotics, bacteria, biotic stress, direct contact, ecological function, food consumption, human health, humans, microbiome, nutrient uptake, phytobiome, virulent strains
- Microorganisms associated with plants may alter the traits of the human microbiome important for human health, but this alteration has largely been overlooked. The plant microbiome is an interface between plants and the environment, and provides many ecosystem functions such as improving nutrient uptake and protecting against biotic and abiotic stress. The plant microbiome also represents a major pathway by which humans are exposed to microbes and genes consumed with food, such as pathogenic bacteria, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and antibiotic-resistance genes. In this review we highlight the main findings on the composition and function of the plant microbiome, and underline the potential of plant microbiomes in the dissemination of antibiotic resistance via food consumption or direct contact.