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Distribution and characteristics of SGI1/PGI2 genomic island from Proteus strains in China
- Xiao, Tao, Dai, Hang, Lu, Binghuai, Li, Zhenpeng, Cai, Hongyan, Huang, Zhenzhou, Kan, Biao, Wang, Duochun
- Infection, genetics, and evolution 2019 v.70 pp. 123-130
- Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella, cephalosporins, genomic islands, humans, monitoring, multigene family, multiple drug resistance, phylogeny, plasmids, public health, resistance genes, China
- The emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) and Proteus genomic island (PGI) bearing P. mirabilis present a serious threat to public health. In this study, we screened 288 Proteus isolates recovered from seven provinces in China. Fourteen strains (4.9%) all belonged to P. mirabilis were positive for SGI1/PGI2, including twelve from clinical samples (5.3%) and two from food (3.3%). A Blastn search against GenBank and phylogenetic analyses identified eight different SGI1 variants and one PGI2 variant from the fourteen SGI1/PGI2 variants. All SGI1 variants shared a common backbone and harbored different resistance gene(s), except the sul1 gene at its multidrug-resistant (MDR) region. Among the variants, three novel SGI1 variants, designated as SGI1-PmCA11, SGI1-PmCA14 and SGI1-PmCA46, contained different gene cassettes, which were similar to sequences in plasmids or class 1 integrons of Klebsiella pneumoniae, P. mirabilis, Escherichia coli and Salmonella. Moreover, one novel PGI2, designated as PGI2-PmCA72, had an identical gene cassette to the first class 1 integron from PGI2 (GenBank accession no. MG201402.1) in P. mirabilis, but varied due to missing, replaced, inserted and inverted gene clusters. The four novel SGI1/PGI2 variants contained the cmlA5, dfrA14, blaOXA-10, aadA15, blaOXA-1, catB3 and dfrA16 resistance genes, which have never been reported in SGI1/PGI2 variants. Phenotypically, all fourteen SGI1/PGI2-containing strains showed multidrug resistance. All except four strains were resistant to the first, or the second and/or-third generation cephalosporins. Considering the increasing number and the emergence of new SGI1/PGI2 variants, further surveillance is needed to prevent the spreading of the MDR genomic islands among Proteus isolates from human and food.