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A comparative study of the proteome regulated by the Rpb4 and Rpb7 subunits of RNA polymerase II in fission yeast

Kumar, Deepak, Varshney, Swati, Sengupta, Shantanu, Sharma, Nimisha
Journal of proteomics 2019 v.199 pp. 77-88
DNA-directed RNA polymerase, RNA transport, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, biochemical pathways, biogenesis, death, eukaryotic cells, messenger RNA, metabolism, proteins, proteome, proteomics, ribosomes, stress response, transcription (genetics), translation (genetics), viability, yeasts
RNA polymerase II is a conserved multi-subunit enzyme made up of twelve different subunits. Two of these subunits, Rpb4 and Rpb7, have been shown to perform functions in both transcription as well as outside of transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, our knowledge about the roles of these subunits in Schizosaccharomyces pombe and higher eukaryotes is still limited. Moreover, both Rpb4 and Rpb7 are indispensable for viability of S. pombe and higher eukaryotes, in comparison to S. cerevisiae where deletion of only Rpb7 results in lethality. Therefore in this study, we used S. pombe strains expressing reduced levels of these subunits to determine their impact on the S. pombe proteome employing i–TRAQ based proteomics approach. Furthermore, proteomic profiling was carried out at two different time points to gain a temporal insight into the processes regulated by Rpb4 and Rpb7. The results showed that reduced levels of either Rpb4 or Rpb7 affected the expression of proteins involved in metabolism and ribosome biogenesis at both the time points. Our polysomal profiling experiments further revealed a role of these subunits in translation. Taken together, our results suggest a key role of Rpb4 and Rpb7 subunits in ribosome biogenesis and protein translation in S. pombe.Rpb4 and Rpb7 subunits of RNA polymerase II are known for their diverse roles in regulating transcription, mRNA export, mRNA decay, stress response and translation in S. cerevisiae. However, their roles in other organisms are yet to be characterized in detail. Different lines of evidence also suggest that these subunits may function independently as well as a complex in budding yeast. Therefore, in the present study we employed a genome-wide quantitative proteomics-based approach to gain deeper insights into their cellular roles, and to examine if they regulate similar or different biological pathways in fission yeast. Our results provide evidence that they are both involved in primarily regulating metabolic pathways and ribosome biogenesis and also, play a role in protein translation in S. pombe.