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Biomonitoring of genotoxicity of industrial wastes using plant bioassays

Bhat, Sartaj Ahmad, Cui, Guangyu, Li, Fusheng, Vig, Adarsh Pal
Bioresource technology reports 2019 v.6 pp. 207-216
Allium cepa, Tradescantia, Vicia faba, bioassays, cytotoxicity, environmental monitoring, genotoxicity, industrial effluents, industrial wastes, mutagenicity, mutagens, natural resources, pollution
The plant bioassay is the most reliable and efficiently used bioassay in genotoxicity biomonitoring of industrial wastes as it confirms the detection of different endpoints such as cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and mutagenicity using Allium cepa, Vicia faba, Tradescantia spp. etc. An array of such methods using living organisms are available to test the level and variation of toxicity caused by polluting factors. Various research studies have monitored the toxicity of industrial effluents/waste and indicated the cytotoxic, genotoxic and mutagenic nature which can pollute the total environment. Chemical tests may be less accurate and less reliable when compared to biological methods for the purpose of toxicity monitoring of natural resources. The present review investigated the genotoxicity of industrial effluents and wastes by using plant based systems. They are also safe to handle and do not require sophisticated instruments thus providing a sustainable monitoring system to growing problem of environmental pollution.