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Negative air pressure treatment accelerates the penetration of permeable cryoprotectants into bovine ovarian tissue in vitrification protocol and improves cell density after vitrification
- Toyama-Mori, Chiemi, Suzuki, Kurumi, Miyazaki, Yoko, Suzuki, Takehito, Katsumata, Masaya, Tanaka, Kazuaki, Usami, Makoto, Takizawa, Tatsuya
- Cryobiology 2019 v.88 pp. 92-97
- Petrorhagia, animal ovaries, atmospheric pressure, biomarkers, cadherins, cattle, cryopreservation, cryoprotectants, dimethyl sulfoxide, histology, humans, permeability, pressure treatment, vitrification
- Effects of additional physical treatments during vitrification of the bovine ovarian tissue were examined for increasing of permeability of ethylene glycol (EG) and dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO). The concentrations of EG and Me2SO and histological changes in the ovarian tissue were evaluated. In the first equilibration step (7.5% EG and 7.5% Me2SO), all the 10-min physical treatments, i.e., negative (679 hPa) or positive (1347 hPa) air pressure applied with a disposable syringe, and shaking (60 rpm) applied with a laboratory shaker, were comparable to 25-min non-physical treatment (plain) vitrification. When effects of the negative air pressure were examined in the second equilibration step (20% EG and 20% Me2SO), its 10-min treatment was equivalent to 15-min plain vitrification (140–170 mg/g tissue). It was thus indicated that the negative air pressure treatment accelerates the penetration of permeable cryoprotectants into the ovarian tissue slices. Histological examination showed that the cell density and the amount of pan-cadherin in the tunica albuginea of the ovary was reduced by the vitrification, but was improved by the negative air pressure treatment. The amount of pan-cadherin in the tunica albuginea was recommended as a biomarker for evaluation of effectiveness of protocol for cryopreservation of bovine ovarian tissue and considered to be a candidate biomarker for human ovarian tissue cryopreservation.