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Metagenomic analysis of tarball-associated bacteria from Goa, India
- Fernandes, Clafy, Kankonkar, Harshada, Meena, Ram Murti, Menezes, Gilda, Shenoy, Belle Damodara, Khandeparker, Rakhee
- Marine pollution bulletin 2019 v.141 pp. 398-403
- Acinetobacter, Halomonas, Klebsiella, Marinobacter, Staphylococcus, Vibrio, animal pathogens, bacteria, beaches, genes, metagenomics, monsoon season, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, ribosomal RNA, risk, toxicity, water pollution, India
- The beaches of Goa state in India are frequently polluted with tarballs, specifically during pre-monsoon and monsoon seasons. Tarballs contain hydrocarbons, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which pose significant environmental risks. Microbes associated with tarballs reportedly possess capabilities to degrade toxic hydrocarbons present in tarballs. In this study, bacterial diversity associated with tarballs from Vagator and Morjim beaches of north Goa was analysed based on V3–V4 regions of 16S rRNA gene sequenced using Illumina Miseq Platform. The Proteobacterial members were dominant in both Vagator (≥85.5%) and Morjim (≥94.0%) samples. Many of the identified taxa have been previously reported as hydrocarbon degraders (e.g. Halomonas, Marinobacter) or possible human pathogens (e.g. Acinetobacter, Klebsiella, Rhodococcus, Staphylococcus, Vibrio). This is the first study reported on a metagenomic analysis of bacteria associated with tarballs from Goa.